History History of the natural sciences

History of the natural sciences

Modern geology
By applying sound stratigraphic principles to the distribution of craters on the Moon, it can be argued that almost overnight, Gene Shoemaker took the study of the Moon away from Lunar astronomers and ...
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20th century
The determined age of the Earth as 2 billion years opened doors for theories of continental movement during this vast amount of time. In 1912 Alfred Wegener proposed the theory of Continental Drift. T ...
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19th century
In the early 19th century the mining industry and Industrial Revolution stimulated the rapid development of the stratigraphic column - “the sequence of rock formations arranged according to their ord ...
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18th century
From this increased interest in the nature of the Earth and its origin, came a heightened attention to minerals and other components of the Earth’s crust. Moreover, the increasing economic importance ...
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17th century
It was not until the 17th century that geology made great strides in its development. At this time, geology became its own entity in the world of natural science. It was discovered by the Christian wo ...
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Middle Ages
Abu al-Rayhan al-Biruni (AD 973-1048) was one of the earliest Muslim geologists, whose works included the earliest writings on the geology of India, hypothesizing that the Indian subcontinent was once ...
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Antiquity
Some of the first geological thoughts were about the origin of the Earth. Ancient Greece developed some primary geological concepts concerning the origin of the Earth. Additionally, in the 4th century ...
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History of geology
The history of geology is concerned with the development of the natural science of geology. Geology is the scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth. Throughout the ages geol ...
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Influential physicists
The following is a gallery of highly influential and important figures in the history of physics. For a list that includes even more people, see list of physicists.Archimedes (c. 287 – c. 212 BCE): ...
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Timeline of important physics publications
Name Living time ContributionAristotle 384 – 322 BCE Physicae AuscultationesArchimedes 287 – 212 BCE On Floating BodiesPtolemy 90 – 168 Almagest, Geographia, ApotelesmatikaAlhazen 965 – 1040 Book ...
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The physical sciences
With increased accessibility to and elaboration upon advanced analytical techniques in the 19th century, physics was defined as much, if not more, by those techniques than by the search for universal ...
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Contemporary and Particle Physics
Quantum field theory In this Feynman diagram, an electron and a positron annihilate, producing a photon (represented by the blue sine wave) that becomes a quark–antiquark pair. Then one radiates a gl ...
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20th century: Birth of Modern Physics
At the end of the 19th century, physics had evolved to the point at which classical mechanics could cope with highly complex problems involving macroscopic situations; thermodynamics and kinetic theor ...
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19th century
In 1800, Alessandro Volta invented the electric battery (known of the voltaic pile) and thus improved the way electric currents could also be studied. A year later, Thomas Young demonstrated the wave ...
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18th-century developments
During the 18th century, the mechanics founded by Newton was developed by several scientists as more mathematicians learned calculus and elaborated upon its initial formulation. The application of mat ...
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