History History by continent

History by continent

Recent history
See also: Washington consensus and Pink tidePresidents Hugo Chávez, Néstor Kirchner, and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva met on January 19, 2006 in Granja do Torto.Flag of the Union of South American Nat ...
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Independence and 19th century
The Spanish colonies won their independence in the first quarter of the 19th century, in the Spanish American wars of independence. Simón Bolívar (Greater Colombia, Peru, Bolivia), José de San Mart ...
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17th and 18th centuries
In 1616, the Dutch, attracted by the legend of El Dorado, founded a fort in Guayana and established three colonies: Demerara, Berbice, and Essequibo.In 1624 France attempted to settle in the area of m ...
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European colonization
Before the arrival of Europeans, an estimated 30 million people lived in South America.Between 1452 and 1493, a series of papal bulls (Dum Diversas, Romanus Pontifex, and Inter caetera) paved the way ...
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Pre-Columbian era
Main article: Pre-Columbian South AmericaAgriculture and domestication of animals The Americas are thought to have been first inhabited by people crossing the Bering Land Bridge from Asia, which is no ...
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History of South America
The history of South America is the study of the past, particularly the written record, oral histories, and traditions, passed down from generation to generation on the continent of South America. Sou ...
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Modern age
In 1946, Polynesians were granted French citizenship and the islands' status was changed to an overseas territory; the islands' name was changed in 1957 to Polynésie Française (French Polynesia).Aus ...
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Bougainville Civil War
Main article: History of BougainvilleThe Australian government estimated that anywhere between 15,000 to 20,000 people could have died in the Bougainville Civil War. More conservative estimates put th ...
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Fijian coups
Main articles: 1987 Fijian coups d'état, Fiji coup of 2000, and 2006 Fijian coup d'étatThe burnt out remains of Govinda's Restaurant in Suva: over 100 shops and businesses were ransacked in Suva's c ...
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Nuclear testing in Oceania
Due to its low population, Oceania was a popular location for atmospheric and underground nuclear tests. Tests were conducted in various locations by the United Kingdom (Operation Grapple and Operatio ...
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World War II
Main articles: Attack on Pearl Harbor and Pacific WarThe Pacific front saw major action during the Second World War, mainly between the belligerents Japan and the United States.The attack on Pearl Har ...
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World War I
The Asian and Pacific Theatre of World War I was a conquest of German colonial possession in the Pacific Ocean and China. The most significant military action was the Siege of Tsingtao in what is now ...
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Samoan Crisis 1887-1889
See also: Samoan Civil War, Second Samoan Civil War, Siege of Apia, and German SamoaWrecked vessels at Apia. 1889.SMS Adler wrecked at Apia. 1889.The Samoan Crisis was a confrontation standoff between ...
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British colonisation In 1789 the Mutiny on the Bounty against William Bligh led to several of the mutineers escaping the Royal Navy and settling on Pitcairn Islands, which later became a British colon ...
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Captain James Cook voyages of exploration
In 1766 the Royal Society engaged James Cook to travel to the Pacific Ocean to observe and record the transit of Venus across the Sun. The expedition sailed from England on 26 August 1768, rounded Cap ...
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