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Database

Backup and restore
Sometimes it is desired to bring a database back to a previous state (for many reasons, e.g., cases when the database is found corrupted due to a software error, or if it has been updated with erroneo ...
2014-2-19 22:48
Building, maintaining, and tuning
After designing a database for an application, the next stage is building the database. Typically an appropriate general-purpose DBMS can be selected to be utilized for this purpose. A DBMS provides t ...
2014-2-19 22:47
Migration
A database built with one DBMS is not portable to another DBMS (i.e., the other DBMS cannot run it). However, in some situations it is desirable to move, migrate a database from one DBMS to another. T ...
2014-2-19 22:46
Transactions and concurrency
Database transactions can be used to introduce some level of fault tolerance and data integrity after recovery from a crash. A database transaction is a unit of work, typically encapsulating a number ...
2014-2-19 22:45
Security
Database security deals with all various aspects of protecting the database content, its owners, and its users. It ranges from protection from intentional unauthorized database uses to unintentional d ...
2014-2-19 22:45
Replication
Occasionally a database employs storage redundancy by database objects replication (with one or more copies) to increase data availability (both to improve performance of simultaneous multiple end-use ...
2014-2-19 22:45
Materialized views
Often storage redundancy is employed to increase performance. A common example is storing materialized views, which consist of frequently needed external views or query results. Storing such views sav ...
2014-2-19 22:44
Storage
Database storage is the container of the physical materialization of a database. It comprises the internal (physical) level in the database architecture. It also contains all the information needed (e ...
2014-2-19 22:44
Performance, security, and availability
Because of the critical importance of database technology to the smooth running of an enterprise, database systems include complex mechanisms to deliver the required performance, security, and availab ...
2014-2-19 22:44
Languages
Database languages are special-purpose languages, which do one or more of the following:Data definition language – defines data types and the relationships among themData manipulation language – per ...
2014-2-19 22:43
External, conceptual, and internal views
A database management system provides three views of the database data:The external level defines how each group of end-users sees the organization of data in the database. A single database can have ...
2014-2-19 22:43
Models
A database model is a type of data model that determines the logical structure of a database and fundamentally determines in which manner data can be stored, organized, and manipulated. The most popul ...
2014-2-19 22:43
Design and modeling
The first task of a database designer is to produce a conceptual data model that reflects the structure of the information to be held in the database. A common approach to this is to develop an entity ...
2014-2-19 22:42
Examples
One way to classify databases involves the type of their contents, for example: bibliographic, document-text, statistical, or multimedia objects. Another way is by their application area, for example: ...
2014-2-19 22:42
Research
Database technology has been an active research topic since the 1960s, both in academia and in the research and development groups of companies (for example IBM Research). Research activity includes t ...
2014-2-19 22:41
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