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By region

Philosophy contrasted with other disciplines
Natural scienceOriginally the term "philosophy" was applied to all intellectual endeavours. Aristotle studied what would now be called biology, meteorology, physics, and cosmology, alongside his metap ...
2014-3-12 22:14
Western philosophical subdisciplines
Western philosophers have often been divided into some major branches, or schools, based either on the questions typically addressed by people working in different parts of the field, or notions of id ...
2014-3-12 22:13
Origins
Further information: History of philosophyThe scope of philosophy in the ancient understanding, and the writings of (at least some of) the ancient philosophers, were all intellectual endeavors. This i ...
2014-3-12 22:13
Western philosophy
"History of Western Philosophy" redirects here. For the book by Bertrand Russell, see A History of Western Philosophy.History ofWestern philosophy Western philosophy By eraPre-Socratic · Ancient · M ...
2014-3-12 22:12
Islamic philosophy
Main articles: Islamic philosophy, Early Islamic philosophy, and Modern Islamic philosophyThe rise of Islam and the influence of classical Greek thought, especially Aristotle, led to the emergence of ...
2014-3-12 22:10
Babylonian philosophy
The origins of Babylonian philosophy, in the popular sense of the word, can be traced back to the wisdom of early Mesopotamia, which embodied certain philosophies of life, particularly ethics, in the ...
2014-3-12 22:10
Iranian philosophy
ZoroastrianismMain article: ZoroastrianismZoroastrianism is a monotheistic religion, which originated in Iran. It has a dualistic nature (Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu), with an additional series of si ...
2014-3-12 22:09
Indian philosophies
Further information: Indian philosophyHindu philosophyMain article: Hindu philosophyHinduism (सनातन धर्म; Sanātana Dharma, roughly Perennial Moral Duty) is the oldest major world religions. ...
2014-3-12 22:09
East Asian philosophies
Main articles: Chinese philosophy, Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophyConfucianismMain article: ConfucianismConfucianism(儒學), developed around the teachings of Confucius(孔子) and is based on ...
2014-3-12 22:08
Syntheses of Eastern and Western philosophy
For more details on this topic, see Buddhism and Western Philosophy, Perennial Philosophy, and New Age.There have been many modern attempts to integrate Western and Eastern philosophical traditions.Ar ...
2014-3-12 22:08
Comparative religion
A common thread that often differentiates Eastern philosophy from Western is the relationshipbetween the gods (or God) and the universe. Some Western schools of thought were animistic or pantheistic, ...
2014-3-12 22:08
Supreme God and the demigods
Because of its origin from within the Abrahamic religions, some Western philosophies have formulated questions on the nature of God and his relationship to the universe based on Monotheistic framework ...
2014-3-12 22:07
Classification
Eastern philosophy includes the various philosophies of Asia, including Indian philosophy, Chinese philosophy, Iranian philosophy, Japanese philosophy, Korean philosophy, Arab philosophy and Jewish ph ...
2014-3-12 14:22
Eastern philosophy
Eastern philosophy includes the various philosophies of South and East Asia, including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy. Sometimes Iranian/Persian phil ...
2014-3-12 14:22

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