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Chinese exploration of the Indian Ocean

2014-2-21 22:30| view publisher: amanda| views: 1002| wiki( 0 : 0

description: The Chinese explorer, Wang Dayuan (fl. 1311–1350) made two major trips by ship to the Indian Ocean. During 1328–1333, he sailed along the South China Sea and visited many places in Southeast Asia an ...
The Chinese explorer, Wang Dayuan (fl. 1311–1350) made two major trips by ship to the Indian Ocean. During 1328–1333, he sailed along theSouth China Sea and visited many places in Southeast Asia and reached as far as South Asia, landing in Sri Lanka and India. Then in 1334–1339, he visited North Africa and East Africa. Later, the Chinese admiral Zheng He (1371–1433) made seven voyages to Arabia, East Africa, India, Indonesia and Thailand. European Age of Discovery The Bartolomeu Dias (c. 1450–1500), who was the first European to reach the Cape of Good Hope; Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), who led a Spanish expedition across the Atlantic and discovered America; Vasco da Gama (1460–1524), a navigator who made the first trip from Europe to India and back by the Cape of Good Hope; Vasco Núñez de Balboa (c. 1475–1519), the first European to view the Pacific ocean from American shores (after crossing the Isthmus of Panama) confirming that America was a separate continent from Asia; Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521) and Juan Sebastian Elcano (1476–1526), who completed the first global circumnavigation; García Jofre de Loaísa(1490-1526) who discovered the Marshall Islands; Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (1490-1558) who discovered the Mississippi River and was the first European to sail the Gulf of Mexico and cross Texas; Jacques Cartier(1491–1557), who drew the first maps of what is now part of central and maritime Canada; Andrés de Urdaneta (1498–1568), who discovered the maritime route from Asia to the Americas; Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (1510-1554) who discovered the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River; Francisco de Orellana (1511–1546), who was the first European to navigate the length of the Amazon River; Álvaro de Mendaña (1542–1595) discovered the Tuvalu archipelago, the Marquesas and the Solomon Islands; Pedro Fernandes de Queirós (1565–1614) who discovered thePitcairn Islands and the Vanuatu archipelago; Yñigo Ortiz de Retezdiscovered New Guinea; Luis Váez de Torres (1565-1613) discovered theTorres Strait between Australia and New Guinea; Willem Janszoon (1570–1630), who made the first European landing in Australia; and Abel Tasman (1603–1659), who discovered Tasmania and New Zealand.

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