An apeirotope is, like any other polytope, an unbounded hyper-surface. The difference is that whereas a polytope's hyper-surface curls back on itself to close round a finite volume of hyperspace, an apeirotope does not curl back. Some people regard apeirotopes as just a special kind of polytope, while others regard them as rather different things. Two dimensions A regular apeirogon is a regular division of an infinitely long line into equal segments, joined by vertices. It has regular embeddings in the plane, and in higher-dimensional spaces. In two dimensions it can form a straight line or a zig-zag. In three dimensions, it traces out a helical spiral. The zig-zag and spiral forms are said to be skew. Three dimensions An apeirohedron is an infinite polyhedral surface. Like an apeirogon, it can be flat or skew. A flat apeirohedron is just a tiling of the plane. A skew apeirohedron is an intricate honeycomb-like structure which divides space into two regions. There are thirty regular apeirohedra in Euclidean space.[3] These include the tessellations of type {4,4}, {6,3}, {3,6} above, as well as (in the plane) polytopes of type: {∞,3}, {∞,4}, {∞,6} and in 3-dimensional space, blends of these with either an apeirogon or a line segment, and the "pure" 3-dimensional apeirohedra (12 in number) See also regular skew polyhedron. Four and higher dimensions The apeirochora have not been completely classified. |

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