See also: #Product-to-sum and sum-to-product identities These are also known as the addition and subtraction theorems or formulae. They were originally established by the 10th century Persian mathematician Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī. One method of proving these identities is to apply Euler's formula. The use of the symbols \pm and \mp is described in the article plus-minus sign. For the angle addition diagram for the sine and cosine, the line in bold with the 1 on it is of length 1. It is the hypotenuse of a right angle triangle with angle β which gives the sin β and cos β. The cos β line is the hypotenuse of a right angle triangle with angle α so it has sides sin α and cos α both multiplied by cos β. This is the same for the sin β line. The original line is also the hypotenuse of a right angle triangle with angle α+β, the opposite side is the sin(α+β) line up from the origin and the adjacent side is the cos(α+β) segment going horizontally from the top left. |

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